Nadaliť Sources of Oak
Wide-ranging choices beginning with uncut trees
Origin, together with aging, drying and toasting, ultimately influences the way oak imparts flavor and complexity to wine. Based on research, observation and experience, unique characteristics can be attributed to oak from various parts of the world. Other factors may apply, such as remoteness, or economic and political considerations, that affect availability. Identifying and procuring the best available American, French and eastern European oak, Nadalie cooperages offer winemakers an optimal choice. Oak for our barrels is sourced in three major oak-growing regions:The United SatesThe American White Oak forest covers most of the eastern United States and is the largest contiguous forest in the world. It stretches from Texas to Maine and from Minnesota to Florida, as well as reaching across borders into Canada and Mexico. American oak barrel making was oriented primarily to bourbon and whiskey distlleries until the early 1980s, when American-produced oak barrels began to be used for wine-making, and over the last two decades, the quality of these barrels has improved radically. Following Prohibition, and until the early 1980s, some whiskey barrels were adapted to wine production by steam bending and not charring the barrel interior. The accellerated evolution of the American-made wine barrel is due largely to the seasoning and production techniques applied to American oak by cooperages following Nadalie USA's lead in 1980.FranceThe French oak forest constitutes one of the largest oak-growing regions of Europe. The main forest regions are controlled and auctioned by the French government to assure availability and quality. Nadalie USA not only produces barrels from French oak on-site in the Napa Valley, but imports French oak barrels manufactured in France by Tonnellerie Nadaliť and Tonnellerie Marsannay. Wood choices are governed by the flavor and character desired by the winemaker. Historically, the use of French oak in winemaking is worldwide.Eastern EuropeOnce highly sought-after for winemaking, oak from the Baltic and other former East Bloc countries has made a comeback following a lengthy period of neglect and poor forest management. Since the demise of communist rule, increased accessibility and improved harvesting and handling techniques have brought renewed interest and a resurgence of commerce in oak for coopering from several eastern European countries including, among others, Hungary, Lithuania, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia and the Ukraine.